Osteoporosis is a disease that
causes weak, thinning bones. This puts the bones at greater risk of breaking. The bones
most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.
Researchers don't know the exact
cause for osteoporosis. But a number of factors contribute to the disease.
Women are 4 times more likely to
get osteoporosis than men. Here are other things that may put you at risk for osteoporosis:
Having low bone mass (osteopenia)
also puts you at a greater risk for osteoporosis.
Low estrogen is one of the main causes of bone loss in women during and after menopause. Women may lose up to 20% of their bone mass in the 5 to 7 years after menopause.
People with osteoporosis may not
have any symptoms. Some may have pain in their bones and muscles, particularly in their
back. Sometimes a collapsed vertebra may cause severe pain, decrease in height, or
The symptoms of osteoporosis may
look like other bone disorders or health problems. Always talk with your healthcare
provider for a diagnosis.
Your healthcare provider will
review your personal and family health history and do a physical exam. Other tests
Women are encouraged to:
Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It
will also depend on how severe the condition is.
The goals of managing osteoporosis
Some of the ways to treat
osteoporosis are also ways to prevent it. They include:
These medicines help maintain bone
health in women with osteoporosis at menopause:
An osteoporosis rehab program can be vital to a full recovery. It can help you obtain the best possible bone health and quality of life. The focus of rehab is to decrease pain, help prevent fractures, and minimize further bone loss.
To help reach these goals, programs
These rehab programs can be done as
an outpatient or inpatient. Many skilled people are part of the team. They include:
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
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