Vasectomy is surgery a man may choose to have if he does not want to father any more
children. It is lasting (permanent) male birth control.
During the surgery, 2 tubes called the vas deferens are cut and sealed. The vas
deferens carry sperm from testicles to the urethra. The urethra is the tube inside the
penis. Once they are cut, sperm can’t get into the semen or out of the body. The testes
still make sperm, but the sperm die and are absorbed by the body.
man who has had a vasectomy still makes semen and is able to ejaculate. But the semen
doesn’t contain sperm. The testosterone level and all other male sex traits stays the
same. For most men, the ability to have an erection is unchanged.
procedure to reverse a vasectomy doesn’t always work.
Choosing a vasectomy as a form of birth control may be a good choice if:
Vasectomy may not be the best choice for you if:
Vasectomy is very safe, but all surgeries carry some risks. Some possible risks of
man can often start having sex again soon after vasectomy. But another birth control
method should be used. This is because some sperm may stay in the vas deferens for some
time after surgery. Other birth control should be used until the surgeon tests the semen
to be sure there are no sperm left. This is often about 3 months after surgery.
may be other risks, depending on your specific health condition. Talk with your
healthcare provider about any concerns you have.
Based on your health condition, your healthcare provider may ask for other specific
Vasectomy is almost always done under local anesthesia. That means the area is numbed,
but you are awake. It takes about 30 minutes and is done as an outpatient. This means
you go home the same day.
Generally, vasectomy follows this process:
will likely be able to go home right after surgery. Ask your surgeon what type of
medicine you may use for pain. You may be told to use an ice pack for the first day to
reduce pain and swelling. Here is what you may expect during recovery:
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any of the following:
Your healthcare provider may give you other instructions after the procedure, depending on your situation.
Before you agree to the test or the procedure make sure you know:
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